Absheron Tour

Absheron Tour


The tour to natural, historical and architectural monuments on Absheron Peninsula. Absheron Peninsula has special importance in terms of historical monuments. Absheron Peninsula, the ancient settlement, has the history dating before century.

The Temple of Eternal Fire – Ateshgah – is an authentic Azerbaijani exotic. It is well-known practically all over the world. It is located 30 km from the center of Baku in the suburb of Surakhany. This territory is known for such unique natural phenomenon as burning natural gas outlets (underground gas coming onto surface contacts oxygen and lights up). The temple in its present state was constructed in the 17th-18th centuries. It was built by the Baku-based Hindu community related to Sikhs.

However, the history of the Temple is even longer. From times immemorial this was the holy place of Zoroastrians – fire worshippers (approximately beginning of our era). They attributed mystical significance to the inextinguishable fire and came there to worship the relic.

After the introduction of Islam, Zoroastrian temple was destroyed. Many Zoroastrians left to India and continued their worship there. But in the 15th -17th centuries the Hindu-fire worshippers who came to Absheron with trading caravans began to make pilgrimages to Surakhany. The Indian merchants started erection of the temple. The earliest temple part dates to 1713. The latest – the central temple-altar was built with the support of merchant Kanchangar in 1810. During the 18th century chapels, cells, a caravanserai were added to the central part of the temple. One can find carved inscriptions in Indian lettering there.

Today, many tourists visit Ateshgah temple from different parts of the world. The attraction is very interesting for the tourists mainly coming from Islamic Republic of Iran and India.

Burning mountain

The ignition of this fire occurred in ancient times. However, it is rather a hill than a mountain, on the slope of which since ancient times natural gas is burning. One of the most famous and popular places of "eternal flame" among tourists.

Dendro Park

It was founded in 1926 by the famous botanist Academician N.I.Vavilov in the village of Mardakan. Till now various kinds of plants are grown here. Vegetation of arboretum exists on soil imported from other parts of Azerbaijan and under artificial irrigation. The park is one of the best parks of the country.



برامج سياحية